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2012年10月综合英语(二)自考试题

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全国2012年10月综合英语(二)自考试题

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I. GRAMMAR AND VOCABULARY
 Complete each of the following 15 sentences with the most likely answer.Blacken the letter
corresponding to your choice on the answer sheet. (1 point each, 15 points in all)
1. The speaker’s Chinese is not so good, but he could make himself ______.
A. understood   B. understand
C. to understand   D. to be understood
2. My mother, ______ whether anyone would come home to help her, had to prepare the supper
all by herself.
A. did not know   B. not knowing
C. had not known   D. having not known
3. So uncertain ______ about the background of his audience that he didn’t know how to start his
lecture.
A. he would become   B. would he become
C. he had become   D. did he become
4. ______ used to be considered impossible has now turned into realities.
A. This  B. That  C. What  D. Whatever
5. The film is very popular with young people, but neither Mary nor her brothers ______ interested in it.
A. were  B. was  C. are D. is
6.We have been talking about the travel plan for two hours.I think it’s time we ______a decision.
A.make  B.made  C.will make D.have made
7.It was because of the bad condition of the house ______ he decided to sell it and buy a new one.
A.that   B.so that   C.so   D.then
8.According to some scientists,global warming  ______ the survival of the whole human race.
A.scares   B.frightens   C.threatens   D.fears
9.He is an easy-going,friendly young man with a ______ sort of attitude towards money.
A.casual   B.greedy   C.careful   D.serious
10.She did not hear what you said because she was completely ______ in her reading.
A.interested   B.absorbed   C.involved   D.stuck
11.He said that the situation was dangerous and that there was no time to ______ in reaching an agreement.
A.spend   B.save   C.take   D.lose
12.It never ______ to them to question the committee’s decision.
A.seems   B.happens   C.appears   D.occurs
13.The man’s influence on his daughter ______ as she grew older.
A.declined   B.shrank   C.narrowed   D.relaxed
14.He finally realized how ______ his father’s advice was.
A.worthy   B.valuable   C.efficient   D.wealthy
15.French is ______ spoken throughout the world,especially in former French  colonies.
A.generally   B.mainly   C.widely   D.thoroughly

II.CLOZE
 Fill in each of the 15 blanks in the passage with the most likely answer.Blacken the letter corresponding to your choice on the answer sheet.(1 point each,15 points in all)
    Play,in recreation, is any activity performed for amusement. Although people engage in play mainly to enjoy themselves,play also   16   the physical and mental health of individuals. Many people increase their physical   17   by swimming or hiking. Many people also improve their mental ability by playing word games or   18   puzzles.
 Play activities   19   one of three general groups. Motor play is physical exercise, such as skating or playing volleyball. Intellectual play primarily   20   mental activity, as in playing chess. Sensory play includes spectator activities, such as attending sports events.
 Play takes countless forms. A person may bounce a ball   21   or join in a game of basketball with several other people. Play activity may or may not be planned ahead of time. It can take place   22  from in an individual’s mind to areas designed   23   for play, such as athletic fields.
 Some play activities are popular with both children and adults. Others appeal primarily   24 
people of certain age groups. Children often   25    plays that require a great deal of imagination, such as dressing up and   26   to be adults. Adult play activities generally require more structured types of recreation, such as sports and games.
For a child, playing is a form of   27   and a significant part of social development. Through playing, they express their ideas, moods, and personalities to other people. Babies only a few months old begin to play,  28   they can communicate effectively with words. Children learn to interact with one another by sharing toys. When they are older, they develop more teamwork skills by playing   29   in such games as volleyball.
For an adult, playing is   30   relaxing during leisure time. Play activities can help relieve pressures caused by the tensions of daily life.
16.A. brings out   B. contributes to   C. depends on   D. accounts for
17.A. soundness   B. readiness   C. fairness   D. fitness
18.A. solving   B. settling   C. clearing   D. answering
19.A. deal with   B. begin with   C. fall into   D. break into
20.A. reflects   B. neglects   C. resolves   D. involves
21.A. skillfully   B. personally   C. alone   D. hard
22.A. sometime   B. anytime   C. somewhere   D. anywhere
23.A. singularly   B. specifically   C. specially   D. uniquely
24.A. to   B. for   C. on   D. at
25.A. keep pace with  B. take part in
C. make fun of    D. set foot on
26.A. pretending    B. contending
   C. intending    D. attending
27.A. self-confidence   B. self-defense
   C. self-expression   D. self-esteem
28.A. no later than    B. long before
  C. soon after    D. as soon as
29.A. cooperatively    B. collectively
   C. independently   D. individually
30.A. an introduction to   B. an insight into
   C. a result of    D. a way of

III. PARAPHRASING
 Choose the closest paraphrased version after each of the following sentences or the italicized part. Blacken the letter corresponding to your choice on the answer sheet. (1 point each, 10 points in all)
31. Like all deep experiences, it may take a little work on your part to discover what all the fuss [of those great works of literature] is about.
 A. …you need to read those great works of literature to understand why people are fond of them.
 B. …you need to study carefully why there is a dispute+ over those great works of literature.
 C. …you need effort to figure out why those great works of literature disturb people.
 D. …you need time to work out the meanings of those great works of literature.
32. Also, overindulged children are not as challenged as children with fewer playthings to be more creative in their play.
A. Spoilt children need more toys to play with to be more creative.
  B. Children with fewer toys are motivated to be more creative.
  C. Spoilt children are challenged by children with fewer toys.
  D. Fewer playthings stimulate more creation among children.
33. It was pleasant to believe that much of Nature was forever beyond the tampering reach of man.
A. It was enjoyable to realize that Nature was always available for a courageous man to reach.
   B. It was enjoyable to realize that Nature had a fascinating power to satisfy man’s curiosity.
   C. It made one happy to think that man would never be able to interfere with much of Nature.
   D. It made one happy to think that man could control Nature for as long as he liked.
34. I felt myself beginning to sweat. I had deliberately got myself into this jam. What a fool!
A. I had got myself into this stupid argument.
   B. I had learned to face this unpleasant consequence.
   C. I had got myself involved in this difficult situation.
   D. I had experienced a traffic jam at this crowded place.
35. Courtesy, politeness, good manners—call it what you will, the supply never seems to equal the demand.
   A. …people show more politeness than they should.
 B. …the supply of politeness is always greater than its demand.
 C. …you can never have enough words to emphasize politeness.
 D. …people’s need for politeness is always greater than what they get.
36. The plane did not frighten Kaz. For one thing, Hiroshima had gone almost untouched by the air war.
 A. …enemy’s air forces had never occupied Hiroshima.
 B. …almost no fighting had ever occurred in and around Hiroshima.
 C. …Hiroshima was the only city where no one was killed by air raids.
 D. …hardly had Hiroshima been attacked by enemy’s air forces during the war.
37. It is impossible to measure the importance of Edison by adding up the specific inventions with which his name is associated.
 A. …by describing the significance of his inventions.
 B. …by connecting his reputation with his inventions.
 C. …by remembering the total number of his inventions.
 D. …by listing all the inventions he has made or helped make.
38. “That’s nothing but religious pap,” he retorted with a degree of anger.
A. “That’s just religious preaching,” he argued back angrily.
   B. “There is nothing related to religion,” he replied with anger.
   C. “Anything is more inspiring than a religious creed,” he responded angrily.
   D. “Nothing is more important than a religious belief,” he claimed with anger.
39. Shortly after that my mother reported that Little-John-Carrie’s-other-nephew had started school on the same day and taken to it like a duck to water.
 A. …and rushed to the activities there right away.
 B. …and begun to like school immediately.
   C. …and behaved himself naturally.
   D. …and stayed at school all day.
40. Toddy Beamish opposed everything he said by a monotonous but effective “So you say,” and drove him to the limit of his patience.
 A. …these words provoked his anxiety.
 B. …this kept him from going to extremes.
 C. …these words calmed him effectively and he became patient.
 D. …this annoyed him so much that he could no longer put up with it.

IV. READING COMPREHENSION 
 Read the two passages and choose the most likely answer to each of the questions. Blacken the letter corresponding to your choice on the answer sheet. (2 points each, 20 points in all)
Passage One
 Bike trailers are now becoming a popular mode of transportation. If you are wondering what a bike trailer is, it is a motorless wheeled frame attached to your bicycle. Its primary function is to help the bike rider in carrying additional load.Instead of carrying the load on the bike, it can now be carried on the bike trailer which greatly reduces the strain placed on the bike. It is convenient, easy to use and it helps you live an active lifestyle.
 Bike trailers are an alternative to carrying different sorts of loads. Instead of using your car to go to the nearby grocery store perhaps, why not use your bike trailer? It not only saves you money from the gas which should have been spent by your car, it also does the job of carrying your groceries.
 Planning to get a bike trailer? Make sure to decide on what you are going to use it for first. Different bike trailers are made for different uses. There are a variety of bike trailers being commercially manufactured.The general trailers available in the market today are the general cargo trailer which is used to carry different sorts of loads from groceries to furniture, child passenger trailer which is used to carry a child, pet trailer which is used to carry cats or dogs, and canoe trailers which are used to carry long and narrow loads like canoes and surfboards.
 If you want a trailer to carry cargo all around, then a cargo trailer would definitely suit your needs. If you want to take your child along with you while you ride your bike, then check out the different child trailers available in the market.
There are two types of bike trailers in the market today based on the number of wheels. The first is the single wheel trailer which can carry light to medium loads. It is popular among hikers since it is great for trail riding and narrow surfaces. It is also stable when making sharp turns at high speeds. The other type of trailer is the two-wheel trailer which obviously has two wheels. It can carry heavier loads than the single wheel type. When making sharp turns at high speeds it may roll over, so be sure to slow down before making the turns.
 Caring for your bike trailer is easy and comparable to that of a bike. Cleaning the trailer requires water, soap and wax. Regularly check the tires for abnormalities like low air pressure or wear and tear for this may cause accidents.
 When you are out riding in your bike trailer, keep in mind that it is different from riding a bike. The responses are different. You may notice that your bike may be a bit unresponsive due to the extra load.Be sure to take trial runs in non-busy roads to get you acquainted with the new riding conditions.
 Riding at night is more dangerous than riding during the daytime. Make sure that you have a front light and a rear light and that both are switched on. Be sure also to have front, back and side reflectors so that you would always be visible to traffic.
41. The passage mentions all the following aspects about a bike trailer EXCEPT ______.
A. its maintenance   B. its price
C. its definition    D. its uses
42. Which of the following is an advantage of a bike trailer over a car?
A. It can help reduce the weight on your riding.
   B. You don’t have to check the tires regularly.
   C. You don’t have to spend money on gas.
   D. It can carry groceries for you.
43. A two-wheel trailer should be a better choice than a single wheel trailer when ______.
A. you carry heavy loads
B. you ride on a narrow surface
C. your additional load is not heavy
D. you make a sharp turn at high speed
44. Which of the following is a difference between riding in a bike trailer and riding a bike?
A. You need to check the tires regularly for a bike trailer.
   B. It is easier to ride in a trailer than riding a bike.
   C. A trailer requires water and wax for cleaning.
   D. A trailer cannot react as quickly as a bike.
45. What is the writer’s purpose in writing this passage?
A. To provide information about bike trailers.
   B. To advertise for a new mode of transportation.
   C. To arouse your interest in more active lifestyle.
   D. To advise you to be careful when riding in a bike trailer.
Passage 2
   Martin was returning to work in his London office after spending two weeks with his brother over in New York. He was coming back with a heavy heart. It was not just that it was the end of a wonderful holiday; it was not just that he invariably suffered badly from jet lag; it was that Monday mornings always began with a team meeting and, over the months, he had grown to hate them.
Martin was aware that colleagues approached these meetings with hidden agendas; they enjoyed game-playing, and he knew that people were not being honest and open. The meetings themselves were bad enough—but then there was all the moaning afterwards. “The usual people say the usual things.” “I could have improved on that idea, but I wasn’t going to say.” “I was thinking of making a suggestion—but I couldn’t be bothered.”
 As this morning’s meeting began, Martin braced himself for the usual moroseness (闷闷不乐) and monotony. But, as the meeting progressed, he became aware of a strange background noise. At first, he thought that he was still hearing the engine noise from the aircraft that had brought him back to London—he had had to sit over the wing and the noise was terrible. But, as he concentrated on the noise, it became a little clearer.
 He realized—to his amazement—that he could hear what his colleagues were thinking as well as what they were saying. As he concentrated still harder, he found that he could actually hear what they were thinking at the same time as they were speaking. What surprised him, even more than the acquisition of this strange power, was that he discovered that what people were saying was not really what they were thinking. They were not making clear their reservations. They were not supporting views which they thought might be unpopular. They were not contributing their new insights. They were not volunteering their new ideas.
 Martin found it impossible not to respond to his new knowledge. So he started to make gentle interventions, based more on what he could hear his colleagues thinking than on what he could hear them saying. “So, John, are you really saying …?” “Susan, do you really think that?” “Tom, have you got an idea on how we could take this forward?” He was aware that his colleagues were unsettled by how insightful these interventions were. They looked at him mystified.In truth, he felt rather proud of his newly-acquired talent.
 Given more confidence now, Martin forgot his usual misery at participating in such meetings and began making comments of his own. However, he became aware that some of his colleagues were looking at him totally confused.One or two even had a gentle smile playing on their lips. Only gradually did it dawn on them—he could hear their thoughts and they were not really saying what they were thinking.
 As the meeting progressed, Martin became aware of changes to the tone and style of the event. It was clear to him now that, one by one, each member of the meeting was learning how to hear the thoughts of all the others and this was subtly changing how they interacted with one another. The game-playing started to fall away; people started to speak more directly; views became better understood; the atmosphere became more open and trusting.
 The meeting ended.As people left the room, Martin found that he could still hear what they were thinking. “That was the best meeting we’ve ever had.” “All meetings should be like that.” “In future, I’m going to say what I think.”
46. Why did Martin hate the team meetings?
A. His colleagues were making stories.
   B. His colleagues complained too much.
   C. His colleagues pretended to be friendly.
   D. His colleagues held back their true feelings.
47. Which of the following is nearest in meaning to “braced himself for” in Paragraph 3 ?
A. prepared himself for   B. adapted himself to
   C. concemed himself about   D. persuaded himself into
48. With the strange power of being able to hear what others were thinking and saying, Martin realized that______.
A. he had been cheated
   B. he was lucky to know the truth
   C. people didn’t mean what they said
   D. people were unwilling to work there
49. Which of the following can be expected at future team meetings?
A. Everyone will be cooperative.   B. Everyone will be straightforward.
   C. Everyone will be respectful.   D. Everyone will be considerate.
50. Which of the following might be the best title of the passage?
A. A Mysterious Power   B. A Meeting of Minds
   C. Trust Means All   D. Unity Is Success
非选择题部分
注意事项:
用黑色字迹的签字笔或钢笔将答案写在答题纸上,不能答在试题卷上。

V. WORD DERIVATION
 Complete each of the following sentences with a (compound) word derived from the one(s) given in brackets. Write your word on the answer sheet. (1 point each, 10 points in all)
51. House prices keep rising and falling but they will ______ even out. (eventual)
52. When we heard the news, we were greatly shocked, shaking our heads in ______ (belief)
53. “Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs”, the 1937 Disney classic, has lost none of its ______ charm. (origin)
54. The cause of their inharmonious ______ lay in their lack of mutual trust. (marry)
55. A number of big names were recruited in the hope that their presence would ______ the university. (glory)
56. You ought to drive very cautiously on such a ______ day. (fog)
57. After endless, ______ phone calls, I had to cancel out my credit card to ensure that no further charges were made. (consume, time)
58. Among all the animals, dogs are the most ______ companions for human beings. (faith)
59. Martin Luther King stood out to lead black people to fight against racial ______. (equality)
60. Since he is usually a cautious person, this sudden promise he has made regarding the investment is ______. (question)

VI. SENTENCE TRANSLATION
 Translate the following sentences into English and write your sentences on the answer sheet. (3 points each, 15 points in all)
61.到目前为止,还没有人提出准确预报地震的方法。
62.现在我们意识到环境污染已成为一个日益严重的问题。
63.当我发言超时的时候,主持人打断了我。
64.既然你已经做出承诺,就要信守诺言。
65.我现在很忙,但一有时间,我会考虑你的计划。

VII. WRITING
 Write a composition on the answer sheet in about 150 words, basing yourself on one of the texts you have learned.(15 points)
 TOPIC: Write a composition about the charms of Britain, based on the text “The Beauty of Britain” by J.B.Priestley. Use the following outline as a guide.
• the geographical variety
 • the surprises of the landscape
 • the balance between Nature and Man
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